Welcome to our "Career Exploration" page, where we dive into the exciting world of cybersecurity careers. In today's digital age, cybersecurity is a vital field that keeps our online world safe from threats. The demand for cybersecurity professionals has reached extraordinary levels; in fact, there is a shortage of cybersecurity professionals in the workforce, with an estimated 3.5 million unfilled positions globally in 2023 and this shortage is expected to continue at least for the next few years.

So whether you’re a student thinking about your future career, just starting out in your professional journey, looking to make a career switch, or simply curious about the field, we hope this page helps you gain a better understanding of the wide range of opportunities in this exciting field.

So, let’s get started with our exploration. Our first stop: the NICE Framework.

What is the NICE Framework?

NICE stands for "National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education," which simply means it's a big effort to help people learn about cybersecurity and do a great job at it.

The NICE Framework is a resource by NIST NICE and is helpful because it establishes a standard approach and common language when describing cybersecurity work. Jobs, known as 'work roles', are grouped by category (an area of focus) and specialty area (an area of work). There are 52 work roles in the framework.

On this page, we highlight several of the more common entry-level work roles. This information is not intended to replace the information provided by the NICE Framework but rather present it using examples that can supplement understanding, especially for those who are new to cybersecurity. Educators may also find it helpful when exploring cybersecurity careers with their students.

Career Profiles

Click on the thumbnail image for more information and to download the career profile.

Securely Provision

Protect And Defend

Cyber Defense Incident Responder

You might like it if you:
• Like resolving issues
• Are adaptable, quick thinking
• Are good at doing many things at once

College degrees:
A degree in cybersecurity or a
related field can be helpful but is not required.

Median salary: $80,000

Cyber Defense Analyst

You might like it if you:
• Can find inconsistencies in patterns
• Like reviewing information and making sense of it
• Often notice things others don’t

College degrees:
A degree in cyber-security or a related field can be helpful but is not required.

Median salary: $85,000

Additional Resources

NICCS (National Initiative for Cybersecurity Careers and Studies):
Offers information and resources related to cybersecurity careers, training, certifications, and education opportunities. There is a section under ‘Education & Training’ for students on how to prepare for a potential career in cybersecurity. The website also has a tool that enables the exploration of work roles within the NICE Framework.

Cyberseek: An interactive heat map that shows cybersecurity jobs across the United States. Jobs are organized by categories of the NICE Framework to which they align. There is also an interactive career pathway tool that shows key jobs, common transition opportunities between them, and detailed information about salaries, required credentials, and skillsets with each role. Provides cybersecurity education, resources, and training to students and educators. They also have a career exploration page that go into more depth on common job duties for various work roles.